Rabbit Care

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Rabbit Care[edit | edit source]

Anatomy[edit | edit source]

Anatomy of the Rabbit

please use the formatting that follows for all condition articles

  • ==Etiology (cause)==
  • ==Clinical Signs==
  • ==Treatment, Prevention, and Control==

Physical Warning Signs[edit | edit source]

Nose[edit | edit source]

  • Bloody Nose
  • Thick White Mucus
  • labored or mouth breathing

Fecal Abnormalities[edit | edit source]

  • Normal Poo: Rabbit poo should be round, dark brown or Black approx. 1/4 in diameter, and should have a very firm, but slightly moist consistency, it should break apart when squeezed, but not crumble.
  • Light colored "Golden" poo : GoldenPoo is a sign of a rabbit getting TOO MUCH FIBER .
  • Long oddly shaped Soft and sticky poo.
  • Stringy Poo
  • White or Clear Mucus
  • Diarrhea

Urine[edit | edit source]

Rabbits do pee rainbows so colored urine is not always an issue, but some colors do flag possible issues.

  • Normal Rabbit Urine ranges in colors from almost clear, to a dark Yellow, Red, and White.
  • red urine (They should only pee red when fed red veggies)
  • white urine, may be a sign of balder sludge, but this is not necessarily abnormal or means your rabbit is sick. White Urine if only occasionally may mean that your feed is high in calcium. Normal Rabbit Physiology is set up to process excess calcium, and even bladder sludge. this will become an issue if your rabbit has a genetic predisposition to narrow urethra, or poor mobility. If Your rabbit has poor mobility you will want to switch it to a lower calcium Diet, and add supplements to help mitigate bladder sludge.

Coat Texture[edit | edit source]

  • Dry, Brittle Coat
  • Oily coat

Eyes[edit | edit source]

Healthy eyes should be clear, Bright , and alert. Warning signs that your rabbit may be sick are:

  • Squinted eyes, " Ouchie Face" this is an out ward indication your rabbit may be in pain, often a sign of bloat or gastric issues.
  • Weepy eyes, can be a sign of allergy or eye irritations.
  • White mucus/puss coming from the corner of the eye, several warnings: including eye infection, Pasteurella, Sinus, tooth or ear infection.
  • Blood coming from eyes, examine for a physical injury, or RHDv2.
  • White or cloudy film ON the surface of the cornea, eye infection, conjunctivitis, scratched cornea, entropion eyelid.
  • White or Cloudy film INSIDE the pupal, E.C., Parasites, Cataracts or Juvenile Cataracts.

Diseases and Treatments[edit | edit source]

the following are links to in-depth pages on each item, as well as lists of topics you can peruse.

Medicine Cabinet[edit | edit source]

You should keep these Emergency items in your medicine cabinet. Antibiotics highlighted in red

 Exotic Animal Formulary -_by James W Carpenter 4th ed

By Use[edit | edit source]

Antimicrobial Agents Used in Rabbits.

Alphabetically:[edit | edit source]













  • Lighter
  • LA 200 , Liquamycin
  • LA 300 , Noromycin ** harder to dose for rabbits due to concentration




  • oxytetracycline (LA 200) (LA 300)












Bacterial[edit | edit source]

  • Abscess
  • Blue Breast
  • Conjunctivitis
  • E.Coli
  • Enteritis Complex
  • Enterotoxaemia
  • Foot Abscess
  • Hemorrhagic Septicemia
  • Listeria
  • Listerious
  • Mastitis
  • Metritis
  • Mucoid Enteritis
  • Nest Box Eye
  • Pasteurella
  • Pasteurelosis
  • Pneumonia
  • Pseudomonas
  • Rabbit Syphilis
  • Salmonella
  • Salmonellosis
  • Snuffles
  • Sore Eye
  • Tyzzer's Disease
  • Vent Disease
  • Weaning Enteritis
  • Weepy Eye
  • Wry Neck

Viral[edit | edit source]

  • Infectious Myxomatosis
  • Rabbit Hemorrhagic Disease 1 and 2
  • Myxomatosis

Fungal[edit | edit source]

  • Dermatophytosis
  • Ring Worm

Parasitic[edit | edit source]

External Parasites[edit | edit source]

Internal Parasites[edit | edit source]

  • Pin Worms
  • Tape Worms
  • Whip Worms
  • Nosema
  • E.Cuniculi
  • Coccidia
    • Intestinal
    • Hepatic

Non-Infectious Conditions[edit | edit source]

Gastrointestinal[edit | edit source]

Reproductive Issues[edit | edit source]

  • Cannibalism
  • Ketosis
  • Heat sterilization : Ginger added to the feed stopped the heat sterilization https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/32819074/
  • Pregnancy Toxemia
  • Caked Breast
  • "Young Doe Death Syndrome"
  • Orphaned Kits
  • Scattering Young
  • Early Nest Box Fatalities
  • Milk Enterotoxaemia

Common Injury or Self-inflected[edit | edit source]

Dental[edit | edit source]

  • Slobbers
  • Tooth Abscess

Genetic Abnormalities Birth Defects[edit | edit source]


  • Torticollis
  • Dystocia
  • "Young Doe Death Syndrome"
  • Enterotoxaemia
  • Mastitis
  • Staphylococcus sp.
  • Agalactia
  • Red Urine
  • Paralysis of Hindquarter
  • Hutch Burn/Urine scald
  • Corneal Ulcer
  • Keratitis
  • Glaucoma
  • Heat Prostration
  • Coprophagy
  • Non-Specific Diarrhea
  • Porcelain Gallbladder
  • Fatty Liver


Housing[edit | edit source]

Wire floored cages are fine for most breeds of rabbits as long as the correct wire is used .